Society and Law
Course code
AKJ6292.YK
old course code
Course title in Estonian
Ühiskond ja õigus
Course title in English
Society and Law
ECTS credits
6.0
approximate amount of contact lessons
42
Teaching semester
autumn
Assessment form
assessment
lecturer of 2019/2020  Autumn semester
Peeter Järvelaid (eesti keel) tavaline kursus
Aare Kruuser (eesti keel) tavaline kursus
Massimo La Torre (inglise keel) tavaline kursus
lecturer of 2019/2020  Spring semester
lecturer not assigned
Course aims
¤ Introduce students to law as both a normative order and a social practice.
¤ Introduce students to the area of Public Law and to the basic institutions of Civil Law and their interrelationships with an emphasis on Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, European Union Law, Criminal Law, Procedural Law and to the basic principles of civil procedure.
¤ Develop the student’s ability to understand the linkages between the different branches of public and private law, introduce the basic knowledge and terminology that are needed for the understanding of modern Western legal cultures and use these arguments in the interpretation of legislation and in solving legal problems.
¤ Initiate students into legal science, i.e., the study of law and legal phenomena.
Brief description of the course
The course begins with a discussion of law as a normative order and progresses into a discussion of legal institutions and practices, law as a societal phenomenon and the discussion of the different legal systems (continental, common law, etc.) of the world.

The division between public law and private law, the basic principles of constitutional law, the central issues constitutional law and administrative law and discussed in detail. The student will acquire on overview of the basic constitutional rights, freedoms and responsibilities of individuals.

The system of civil law is an introduction into private law, the general concepts of private law, and sources of private law. Also discussed are civil law relationships, persons, passive and active legal capacity, transactions (general principles of conclusion of contracts and bases for the creation of contractual obligations), representation, general principles of protection of civil rights, calculation of terms and limitation period for an action.

A comparative overview of the court systems is given including the principles and basic understandings of different court proceedings. The structure of the court system is discussed in detai from the court of first instance, to appellate courts, and lastly, to the court of last resort.

Written assignments will be solved throughout the course.
Independent work
Each student will independently write a seminar paper of 10–12 pages on a topic related to the general theme of the course. The lecturer will provide students with a list of topics from which they can choose. Along with each topic comes a short list of literature that must be utilized in the writing of the paper.
The presentation of the seminar paper is a perquisite to taking the assessment (prelim).
The lecturer will assign compulsory-reading assignments and cases to be briefed before each class lecture. Students are expected to read the reading assignments, brief the assigned cases, and be prepared to discuss the toipics and cases in class when called upon.
Learning outcomes in the course
After a successful completion of the course, a student will:
¤ have an understanding of law’s basic functions in modern societies;
¤ have an understanding of the difference between different legal systems and the branches of law as well an overview of the system of public and private law and civil procedure;
¤ be mastered basic legal terminology and the ability to use the basic methods of implementing the law, its principles and basic concepts;
¤ know how to use and apply the basic knowledge of public law and private law to analyze legal issues and solve legal cases and the student is able to find the information needed to develop positions on legal policy issues;
¤ be able to develop judicial training options.
Assessment methods
The course is assessed as P or MA (Pass or Fail).
The final grade is a combination of the results from the written seminar paper, participation in problem solving seminars, briefing assigned cases, and one written, comprehensive, opened source final test.

The course ends with a final written assignment.

The assignment has two parts, one of which contains:
a) one to three augmented answers to a question or block of questions,
b) one or two augmented case studies,
The other part is a test of notions and knowledge of legal system (a text with gaps, selection of answers and a part with open answers).
The written assignment is performed as an individual written work. During the assignment, one can use his or her own individual materials and Internet published sources.
Working on the compulsory literature sources, completing other written tasks etc is checked during the course (and / or essay, case studies, oral responses and discussions).
Presentations made for the seminar and / or presented written works are analyzed during the seminar. Feedback on written tasks, that won’t be presented at the seminar, will have general feedback.
The feedback for the final written assignment will be given upon request either orally or on paper. The lecturer will choose the form and manner of the feedback.
Teacher
eesti keeles: Aare Kruuser; inglise keeles: Massimo La Tore jt teised õiguse suuna õppejõud
Study literature
Õppejõu poolt kursuse käigus täpsustatavas mahus:
A. Kiris; A. Kukrus; P. Nuuma; E. Oidermaa. Õigusõpetus. Õpik. 3. täiendatud ja ümbertöötatud väljaanne. Koostaja A. Kiris. Kirjastus “Külim”, 2012.
R. Narits. Õiguse entsüklopeedia. 2. täiendatud trükk. - Tallinn, 2004.
Jaan Sootak, koostaja, jt. Õigus igaühele. Teejuht Eesti õigusesse ja õigusteadusesse. Kirjastus Juura OÜ, 2017.
T. Annus. Riigiõigus. Tallinn, 2006.
A. Aedmaa jt. Haldusmenetluse käsiraamat. Tartu, 2004.
R. Tiivel. Sissejuhatus tsiviilõigusesse. Kirjastus Agitaator, 2011.
Ivar Aimre. Sotsioloogia. Neljas trükk. Sisekaitseakadeemia. Tallinn 2013
Beth B. Hess, Elizabeth W. Markson, Peter J. Stein. Sotsioloogia. Külim, 2000
Eesti Vabariigi põhiseaduse kommenteeritud väljaanne. Neljas, parandatud ja täiendatud väljaanne. Tallinn 2017
Eesti Vabariigi põhiseadus
Hea õigusloome ja normitehnika eeskiri
Õppejõu poolt kursuse käigus nimetatavad õigusaktid, nende eelnõude se
Replacement literature
Lisaks kohustuslikule kirjandusele eesti keeles:
Üldosas
¤ J. Liventaal, Riik ja õigus. Põhimõistete õpetus. Tallinn, 1999.
¤ Jaan Sootak, koostaja, jt. Õigus igaühele. Teejuht Eesti õigusesse ja õigusteadusesse. Kirjastus Juura OÜ, 2017.
¤ M. Mikiver; S. Põllumäe. Sissejuhatus õigusesse. Sisekaitseakadeemia 2003. http://dspace.utlib.ee/dspace/bitstream/handle/10062/16845/9985670744.pdf?sequence=1 ;
¤ S. Põllumäe. Sissejuhatus õigusesse. Näiteid ja harjutusi õppeaine “Sissejuhatus õigusesse” HLSC5001 loengukursuse juurde.
¤ Äripäeva Kirjastuse käsiraamat. Tööõigus. Näidised ja kommentaarid.
¤ Äripäeva Kirjastuse käsiraamat. Lepinguõigus. Näidised ja kommentaarid. (Võlaõiguse üldosa; erinevat liiki lepingute kohta selgitused ja näidised.)
¤ Äripäeva Kirjastuse käsiraamat. Dokumendinäidised äritegevuses. (s.h nõudeavaldus, hagiavaldus, vastus hagile, vaie.)

Avalik õigus
¤ Meetodiõpetus, Tallinn, Juura, 2007.
¤ J. Sootak. Karistusõigus. Üldosa. Tallinn 2010.

Eraõigus
¤ Nurmela jt. Rahvusvaheline eraõigus, Kirjastus Juura 2008.
¤ P. Varul; I. Kull; V. Kõve; M. Käerdi. Tsiviilseadustiku üldosa seadus. Kommenteeritud väljaanne. Tallinn: Kirjastus Juura, 2010.
¤ Eraõigus I. Justiitsministeerium, 2001.
¤ Eraõigus II. Justiitsministeerium, 2001.

¤ Õppejõu poolt kursuse käigus nimetatavad õigusaktid, nende eelnõude seletuskirjad ja muud allikad.
Täielikum asenduskirjanduse nimekiri avaldatakse kursuseprogrammis

Kursuse läbimisel abistamiseks avaldatakse kursusele registreerunud üliõpilastele kursuse käigus materjalid konspekti koostamiseks (konspekti alus).
Allikate loetelu täpsustub kursuse käigus. Täpsustatud ja täiendatud allikate (kirjandus, õpikud, artiklid, õigusaktid jms) loetelu või suunised nende leidmiseks, annab õppejõud kursuse käigus ning need avaldatakse ÕISis ja/või MOODLEis.