Brief description of the course
1 Moving from philosophical and disciplinary thinking to today's inter- and transdisciplinarity in the history of educational thinking. Integrativeness and aporia. Today's educational system and the history of its development. Terms: pedagogy, education science, pedagogical science.
2 General concepts/thinking cultures today: mental science pedagogy, empiric, historic, poetically oriented, system theoretical, evolution theoretical, comparative pedagogy.
3 The roots of today's thought directions and meanings of main concepts in the developmental history of ideas:
Paideia education in antiquity
Plato, Aristotle, Democritus, Quintilian, Confucius
Education cultures in antiquity, the Middle Ages, the modern era, Eastern and Western cultural space: the connection between thinking and cultural practices
Augustine, Thomism, Jesuitism, Luther, More
Komensky, Locke, Rousseau, Kant
Pestalozzi, Humboldt, Herbart, Marx
Nietzsche and the culture critical movement in Europe and its effects on the reform pedagogical movement, Kerschensteiner, Key, Lay, Meumann
Adorno, Foucault, Dewey, Makarenko
4 The developmental history of educational thinking in Estonia:
Alfred Koort, Peeter Põld, Hilda Taba, Mihkel Kampmann
Johannes Käis, Ferdinand Eisen
Aleksander Elango, Enn Koemets, Lembit Andresen
Heino Liimets and Inge Unt
Helga Kurm, Jaan Mikk, Jüri Orn, Eha Hiie, Peeter Kreitzberg, Edgar Krull, Inger Kraav, subject didactical thinking (Reet Selg, Kalju Leht, Viivi Maanso, Olaf Prinits, Heino Rannap) and the actions of PTUI (Institute for the Scientific Research of Pedagogy)
The main pedagogues and educationalists and research directions in Estonia today
Comparison of Estonian pedagogical and educational science and pedagogy in three time periods and future perspectives: The first half of the 20th century; the Soviet era; today's Republic of Estonia (1991-present)
Positioning Estonian pedagogical and educational science in the context of today's thought directios.
Learning outcomes in the course
Upon completing the course the student:
- knows important people/authors in the history of educational thinking in both Estonia and the world, their works and the development of their ideas and main concepts and their definitions over time;
- can see connections between educational thinking and respective cultural practices;
- can understand and justify today's tendencies and ideas in educational thinking by relying on development history.