Critical Thinking
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Course code
HIK6082.HT
old course code
Course title in Estonian
Kriitiline mõtlemine
Course title in English
Critical Thinking
ECTS credits
6.0
Assessment form
Examination
lecturer of 2021/2022  Autumn semester
Oliver Laas (language of instruction:English)
lecturer of 2021/2022  Spring semester
Oliver Laas (language of instruction:Estonian)
Course aims
Acquiring the basics of philosophical and logical thinking: options for defining the object under scrutiny and research, logical deduction etc.;
Developing skills for compiling and writing analytic texts, ability to analyse texts critically;
Developing skills on different textual approaches for presenting knowledge: logical arguments, their types and common fallacies of argumentation, defining and its various options, recognising and avoiding the common argument and defining mistakes;
Distinguishing between certainty, probability and plausibility in arguments and deductions;
Ability to recognise and criticise wishful thinking, rhetorical deception and other ploys for distorting meaning;
Developing the skills of discussion and of writing a short essay;
Acquiring and applying the basic skills of discourse analysis.
Brief description of the course
Critical thinking is a course consisting of examples, exercises and practical tasks and it aims to:
1) teach the new undergraduate students to think logically, to define an object under research, to draw conclusions etc.;
2) recognise the typical mistakes of argumentation and definition;
3) teach students to compile analytical discussions and texts and to analyse other given texts critically.

Exercises and practical tasks will be used to explore the following topics:
Differences between knowledge and beliefs;
Logical arguments, their types and typical argumentation fallacies;
Wishful thinking, rhetorical deception and other types for distorting meaning;
Definitions and opportunities for defining;
Certainty, probability and plausibility in arguments and deductions;
Discourse and (critical) discourse analysis;
Options for textual criticism deriving from various theories and methodological approaches: criticism of power (authority) and ideology;
Psychoanalytic, semiotic, naturalistic, utilitarian, consequentionalistic, and deontological options for argumentation and criticism.
Learning outcomes in the course
Upon completing the course the student:
- has obtained the basics of philosophical and logical thinking;
- is able to define an object under research;
- is able to build an argument without common fallacies;
- is able to identify certainty, probability and plausibility in arguments and deductions;
- is able to write independently shorter analytical texts, i.e. essays and in oral discussion;
- is able to recognise and criticise wishful thinking, rhetorical deception and other common types of manipulating truth;
- is able to apply the major methods of discourse analysis.
Teacher
Oliver Laas
Study programmes containing that course
Primary School Teacher (KAKLI/21.HR)
Philosophy (HIFIB/21.HT)
Politics and Governance (RIPGB/21.YK)
Estonian Philology (EKEB/21.HT)
European Modern Languages and Cultures (GRENB/21.HT)
Theory of Culture (HIKTB/21.HT)
Law (AKOB/21.YK)
Sociology (RASLB/21.YK)
Anthropology (HIANB/21.HT)
Education (KAPB/21.HR)
Advertising and Public Relations (KORSB/21.FK)
History (AIAJB/21.HT)
Asian Studies (HILAB/21.HT)
Law (AKLB/21.YK)
Choreography (KUKRB/20.FK)
Liberal Arts in Humanities (KKLHB/21.HT)
Russian Philology (SKVB/21.HT)
Politics and Governance (RIPGB/20.YK)
Law (AKOB/20.YK)
Estonian Philology (EKEB/20.HT)
Russian Philology (SKVB/20.HT)
Theory of Culture (HIKTB/20.HT)
Liberal Arts in Humanities (KKLHB/20.HT)
Asian Studies (HILAB/20.HT)
Philosophy (HIFIB/20.HT)
History (AIAJB/20.HT)
Anthropology (HIANB/20.HT)
European Modern Languages and Cultures (GRENB/20.HT)
Education (KAPB/20.HR)
Sociology (RASLB/20.YK)
Law (AKLB/20.YK)
History (AIAJB/19.HT)
Asian Studies (HILAB/19.HT)
Law (AKLB/19.YK)
European Modern Languages and Cultures (GRENB/19.HT)
Estonian Philology (EKEB/19.HT)
Liberal Arts in Humanities (KKLHB/19.HT)
Anthropology (HIANB/19.HT)
Russian Philology (SKVB/19.HT)
Theory of Culture (HIKTB/19.HT)
Philosophy (HIFIB/19.HT)
Politics and Governance (RIPGB/19.YK)
Sociology (RASLB/19.YK)
Sociology (RASLB/18.YK)
Liberal Arts in Humanities (KKLHB/18.HT)
European Modern Languages and Cultures (GRENB/18.HT)
Philosophy (HIFIB/18.HT)
Law (AKLB/18.YK)
Politics and Governance (RIPGB/18.YK)
Asian Studies (HILAB/18.HT)
Russian Philology (SKVB/18.HT)
Anthropology (HIANB/18.HT)
Theory of Culture (HIKTB/18.HT)
History (AIAJB/18.HT)
Estonian Philology (EKEB/18.HT)
Liberal Arts in Humanities (KKLHB/17.HT)
Anthropology (HIANB/17.HT)
Law (AKLB/17.YK)
History (AIAJB/17.HT)
Advertising and Publicity Studies (KORMB/17.FK)
Estonian Philology (EKEB/17.HT)
Russian Philology (SKVB/17.HT)
Asian Studies (HILAB/17.HT)
Politics and Governance (RIPGB/17.YK)
Philosophy (HIFIB/17.HT)
Sociology (RASLB/17.YK)
Theory of Culture (HIKTB/17.HT)
European Modern Languages and Cultures (GRENB/17.HT)
History (AIAJB/16.HT)
European Modern Languages and Cultures (GRENB/16.HT)
Asian Studies (HILAB/16.HT)
Theory of Culture (HIKTB/16.HT)
Philosophy (HIFIB/16.HT)
Law (AKLB/16.YK)
Anthropology (HIANB/16.HT)
Politics and Governance (RIPGB/16.YK)
Advertising and Publicity Studies (KORMB/16.FK)
Sociology (RASLB/16.YK)
Russian Philology (SKVB/16.HT)
Estonian Philology (EKEB/16.HT)
Asian Studies (HILAB/00.HT)
European Modern Languages and Cultures (GRENB/00.HT)
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