Course title in Estonian
20. sajandi ajalugu
Course title in English
History of the 20th century
approximate amount of contact lessons
lecturer of 2019/2020 Autumn semester
õppejõud on määramata
lecturer of 2019/2020 Spring semester
lecturer not assigned
This combination of lectures and seminars is meant to analyse European 20th century history focusing on the major problems, ideas and movements that shaped it. Thus this course is not structured according to national history narratives, but tries to introduce a transnational understanding of the European 20th century.
Brief description of the course
This course focuses on ideas and movements like nationalism, socialism, fascism and decolonization. We will analyse and discuss processes of revolution and secession as well as dynamics of integration and (forced) migration. Whereas the lectures give a broader overview on developments and tendencies, the seminars are meant to discuss topics with the help of scholarly literature. What did it mean to live under a totalitarian dictatorship? How did counter-culture in the west and the east shape our understanding of the Cold War? In short, this course wants to introduce the students to the past of the interconnected world we live in today.
The students work independently with the literature given for the preparation of the seminars by the teacher (uploaded to Moodle). They write a short essay on a topic agreed on by the teacher. They prepare a short presentation of their preliminary results for special seminars that take place close to the end of the semester. Finally they prepare for the exam (studying the materials given during the course and reading the obligatory literature).
Learning outcomes in the course
At the end of the course the student
- is able to discuss the major ideas and movements that shaped European 20th century history
- manages to distinguish facts from myths, especially concerning the totalitarian regimes
- can explain certain developments in the European past century without necessarily referring to the individual role of “great historical personalities”
- has developed an understanding for the meaning of certain grass-roots movements for the course of history
- is able to formulate her/his views concerning European history orally and in written form
- has improved his/her writing skills and has become used to read scholarly literature
The written exam contains some questions about facts and at least two questions where the answer requires a comparative and analytical viewpoint (75%).
The oral presentation (10-15 mins plus discussion) is meant to introduce the structure and the major theses of the essay. The written essay (9.000-11.000 characters without spaces) about a topic confirmed by the teacher is to be submitted at least one day before the exam. Without the essay submitted the student cannot take the exam.
- Jarausch, Konrad: Out of Ashes. A new History of Europe in the Twentieth Century, London 2015
- Hobsbawm, Eric: The Age of Extremes. The Short Twentieth Century 1914-1991, London 1995
- The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century Political Thought, ed. by Terence Ball, Richard Bellamy, Cambridge 2005
- Judt, Tony: Postwar. A History of Europe Since 1945, New York 2005 (Pärast sõda. Euroopa ajalugu 1945. aastast, Tallinn 2007)
- Snyder, Timothy: Bloodlands. Europe between Hitler and Stalin, New York 2010 (Veremaad. Euroopa Hitleri ja Stalini vahel, Tallinn 2011)