Course title in Estonian
Inglise keele foneetika ja inglise keele variandid
Course title in English
English Phonetics and Varieties of English
approximate amount of contact lessons
lecturer of 2020/2021 Autumn semester
õppejõud on määramata
lecturer of 2020/2021 Spring semester
lecturer not assigned
To introduce students to the basic aspects of phonetics, study the sound system of English, explore the relationship between the phonology and orthography of English, provide systematic practice in transcribing English words. To introduce regional variation of the English language, to identify and characterise the main varieties of English (phonological features, differences in grammar and lexis) and discuss the future of English.
Brief description of the course
The first part of the course focuses on the sound system of English, e.g., the production of speech sounds, the phoneme, the stress, intonation and functions of intonation. The second part of the course gives an overview of the main varieties of English in the world. The topics covered include the development of standard languages, the relation of the two main varieties of English: British and American English; regional variation in the British Isles and in North America; the spread of English in the world; English in New Zealand and Australia; English-based pidgins and creoles; second language varieties of English.
Learning outcomes in the course
On a successful completion of the course, the student will know the technical terminology used in discussions of each topic, will be able to identify a wide variety of segment types and knows how they are produced, and will be able to transcribe a text. The student will demonstrate knowledge of English varieties in the world, will be able to place and characterise the main varieties, demonstrate factual knowledge of the phonological, grammatical and lexical variation found in English. The student will also be able to demonstrate an understanding of the interplay of regional and social variation and its relation to historical change.
Beal, Joan. 2010. An Introduction to Regional Englishes. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Catford, J.C. 2001. A Practical Introduction to Phonetics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Crystal, D. 2003. A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. Oxford: Blackwell.
Giegerich, H. 2006. English Phonology: An introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gussenhoven, C. and J. Haike. 2005. Understanding Phonology, 2nd ed. London: Hodder Arnold.
Hughes, A., P. Trudgill, D. Watt. 2005. English Accents and Dialects, 4th ed. London: Hodder Arnold.
Kachru, B., Kachru, Y. & C.L. Nelson. 2006. The Handbook of World Englishes. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Kortmann, B., Burridge, K., Mesthrie, R., Schneider, E.W. & C. Upton (eds.). 2004. A Handbook of Varieties of English. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Ladefoged, P. 2006/2011. A course in phonetics. Boston (Mass.): Thomson Wadsworth.
McMahon, A.M.S. 2002. Understanding Language Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schneider, E.W. 2010. English Around the World: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wolfram, W. & N. Schilling-Estes. 2006. American English, 2nd edn. Oxford: Blackwell.
Todd, L., and J. Hancock. 1990. International English Usage. New York: New York University Press.
Wells, J.C. 1982. Accents of English, Vol. 1-3. Cambridge University Press.