To support the development of skills for preparing independent research in geosciences and choosing proper research methods.
To enable the students to apply theoretical knowledge in practice.
To support the development of skills for conducting field works and field experiments.
To create prerequisites for the development of skills to formulate a research report.
Brief description of the course
The first half of the course covers research methods used in geosciences: cartographic methods, positioning, surveying, basics of sample collection, collecting, preserving and analysing water-, snow-, soil-, plant-, etc samples; research methods of water bodies and wetlands; dating possibilities and methods for various objects; landscape transect; research methods of soils; granulometry, geomorphology.
At the end of the semester a 3-4 days long field practice takes place, where the students can apply most of the previously learned methods: measurements of distance, height and area in nature and on maps. Surveying. Simple mapping and orienteering. Measuring parameters of water bodies: dimensions, area, depth, volume. Movement of water through the landscape. Temperature an oxygen regime, water transparency and colour. Sample collection methods and devices for sediments in water bodies. Describing and dating sediments. Biological, lithological and chemical analysis of sediments. Mires: vegetation, microrelief, hydrological regime. Peat: growth, decomposition rate, botanical and chemical composition. Landscape transect.
Learning outcomes in the course
Upon completing the course the student:
- has knowledge of basic geoecological field methods and ability to use them;
- has ability to choose an optimal method for solving a geoecological problem;
- has ability to analyse research data and formulate it as a report;
- has ability to position oneself in space and to solve the posed problems spatially.