To provide opportunities to gain knowledge enabling to understand the development of Estonian economy from Viking age to Early Modren times in the wider European context and its influence on other spheres of life (culture, mentality etc).
The course explores the development of trade and communication networks using them to explain the transfer of cultural influences in both time and space.
Brief description of the course
Main development features of European economy, focusing on regions closer to Estonia: Germany, Scandinavia, Russia.
Agriculture, industry, finance, trade. Communication networks in the Viking period, trade routes and their cultural impact for the local traditions.
Hanseatic economy. Commerce: Hanse, its origins, integration of Livonia. The role of local Livonian centers in the Hanseatic economy. The rise and role of the towns in medieval Livonia, trade guilds, town´s economy. Internal commerce, relationships between town and its hinterland. Finance: coinages, internal and external coinage, money transfers etc.
The birth of Modern economy and trade. New branches and methods in production. The rise of the Netherlands and England, decline of Hanseatic League. Development of postal service and routes, printing and the Early Modern communication revolution.
Learning outcomes in the course
Upon completing the course the student:
- understands the fundamental features and phases of Estonian economic history;
- is skilled to place Estonian economic history into wider European context;
- has expertise for historical analysis in the mediating role of trade and communication networks.