Spherical Construction of the Earth II
Course code
old course code
Course title in Estonian
Maa sfääriline ehitus II
Course title in English
Spherical Construction of the Earth II
ECTS credits
Assessment form
lecturer of 2022/2023 Autumn semester
lecturer not assigned
lecturer of 2022/2023 Spring semester
lecturer not assigned
Course aims
To provide the primary school teachers the basis for understanding of spherical construction of the Earth. To support the development of knowledge about the processes between and inside the specific parts of the geosphere. To provide the ability to carry out basic observations and experiments in geosciences. To create the basis for teaching geoscience-related subjects in the second and third level of the general education school.
Brief description of the course
Atmospheric structure, composition and main processes in the atmosphere. Weather, climate and variables for describing them in different conditions. The impact of weather and climate on nature, including human society. Past and present climatic conditions, and their causes. Hydrosphere: the distribution of water on Earth and processes involving the movement of water through different spheres of the Earth. The hydrology of seas, lakes and rivers. Basic terms of atmosphere and hydrosphere. Practical excercises in indoor and outdoor conditions; weather observations; description and analysis of weather and climate data, statistical analysis of climate data; mean, variability and trend; spatial interpolation of climatic variables; relationships between different weather and climate variables; description of water body and the system of water bodies (the speed of the rivers, their water discharge, accumulation of sediments and erosion); knowing the largest water bodies of the Earth and in Estonia (map nomenclature). Practical excersises are carried out in a manner that they are applicable to the general education school.
Learning outcomes in the course
Upon completing the course the student:
- has ability to understand atmospheric processes, including the development of weather and climate;
- has ability to understand the distribution and movement of water on Earth;
- has capability to carry out weather obervations both indoors and outdoor;
- has capability to describe and measure water environment and the main processes involved;
- has capability to find, analyse and apply spatial data of different types, as part of the practical excercises;
- has knowledge of the largest water bodies on Earth and in Estonia (nomenclature);
- has ability to apply different methods for teaching geosciences.

MSc Jüri Kamenik
Additional information
This course cannot be passed on the basis of replacement literature.