Brief description of the course
Our modern view of the Universe. The scale of the Universe. The history of astronomy. Instruments in astronomy. The movement of planets, stars, the Moon and the Sun in celestial sphere and in local sky. Celestial coordinates and timekeeping. The movement of planets and their moons in space. The Kepler’s Laws. Eclipses. Tides. The general structure and basic motions in Solar system. Planetary geology and atmospheres. Jovian planet systems. Small bodies in Solar system. Formation of Solar system. Main properties of stars. Spectrum and spectral classification of stars. Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. The Sun. Birth, live and death of small and massive stars. Stellar remains. Our Galaxy, the structure, types and evolution of galaxies. Cluster and interactions of galaxies. Active galaxies.
Practicum: survey of stars, constellations, planets, the Moon and deep sky objects (in night time) and the Sun (in daytime).
Learning outcomes in the course
Upon completing the course the student:
- understands of the Solar System and the Universe from the human race;
- has perceptions of the universe as evolving system;
- has ability to use astrophysics atlas and data tables;
- has ability to search for and analyze information on modern astronomy and astrophysics, and to distinguish the field of modern historical views.